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Have you ever even heard of milia? Probably not, although it is a very common skin condition that effects everyone from infants to the elderly. Basically it is tiny white bumps on the skin. Just like any other skin condition there are several different types and treatments available to help you banish the bumps from sight!

Milia are asymptomatic and usually occur around the eyes in children and adults. Up to half of infants in the United States develop milia at some point. In appearance they are small skin lesions (bumps) that range from pearly white to pale yellow in appearance.

Primary milia are most typically seen in infants but may occur in adults. This type typically forms around the nose and eye region. Secondary milia are seen in different blistering disorders or following dermabrasion. Milia are tiny epideremoid cysts that may be may be derived from the pilosebaceous follicle.

Causes

Primary milia may be the result of sebaceous glands that are not fully developed (thus explaining its massive occurrence during infancy). Secondary milia form following blistering or trauma and disruption to the sweat glands. This type can also develop following skin treatments such as dermabrasion or radiotherapy.

Treatment

The most important thing to remember about milia is that they are completely harmless. As a parent it may be tempting to seek treatment for your child’s skin but left alone it will treat itself over time. Basically it is tiny pockets of dead skin cells on the surface and through the natural exfoliation process and building of new skin cells, skin will heal itself and the tiny bumps will disappear.

It is important to remember that milia is not like acne and should not be “pinched” or “popped”. This could lead to significant scarring when done, especially at home. If you are very concerned over the bumps on your skin or wish to seek treatment, consult with your dermatologist.

Prevention

The best way to treat milia is to prevent it from ever developing. This is not true in the case of infant milia – an infants skin is very delicate and should not be exposed to excess cleansers or treatments. Consult with your child’s physician before taking any action.

For teens and adults a gentle exfoliation can help in the prevention of milia but will not clear up the condition once it has developed. A gentle exfoliant will help soften the skin and ease the natural exfoliation process and prevent the build up of more dead skin cells. Remember that your skin is sensitive and should not be exposed to harsh chemicals or rough scrubbing as this will only cause more damage and trauma. (Over exfoliation may actually increase the occurrence of milia on the skin so use good judgment when developing a skin care routine).

Want to learn more about proper skin care? Find us online at http://www.bellaninainstitute.com.

Winter, Spring, Summer or Fall – dry and itchy skin can attack at any time during the year and make your life miserable. Although many cases of dry skin can be traced to environmental factors and changes in the weather, some skin conditions can be chronic health problems. Banish the itchy dryness today in a few easy steps!

Why Does My Skin Feel So Dry?

Dry skin is the result of less moisture in the skin cells. Low humidity can wreak havoc on skin that is already prone to dryness but everyone can fall victim to dry skin at some point in their lives. Other causes include frequent exposure to water (especially hot water) as this breaks down the lipid barrier in skin, harsh soaps, sun exposure, psoriasis and thyroid disorders.

Should I Worry?

Dry skin is more than just a mild annoyance. Although the itching and flaking can be enough reason to seek a treatment, here is one more: cracked skin can give bacteria the entrance it wants to get into your body. As the skin dries out tiny cracks form, especially on the hands and this leads to breaks. Some people may experience extremely severe cracks that cause bleeding, pain and discomfort. These cracks are much like a cut and need to be taken care of immediately before becoming infected. Your skin is your body’s best defense against disease and you don’t want to take it for granted!

What Can I Do?

If you have suffered from dry skin in the past, you probably know that most basic over the counter moisturizers have little long term effect on this problem. Some people may apply moisturizers continually throughout the day and still suffer from this problem. A thick moisturizer, alcohol free, is an important step in the defense against dry skin. Thin and runny lotions will do little to “seal in” the moisture your skin so desperately needs. If you are not sure, put your lotion to the test. Squeeze a nickel sized amount in your palm and then turn your hand sideways – if the lotion runs or drops off entirely, it’s the wrong lotion.

Final Thoughts

Dry skin is a common problem that affects millions of people each year. Keeping a daily skin routine that includes a high quality moisturizer specifically designed to target dry skin will go a long way towards rectifying this problem. Avoid dry environments and invest in a humidifier for the home. Remember that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, especially in regards to skin care. It is always simpler to take preventative action rather than needing to repair significant damage.